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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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CASE REPORTS VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2000 December;41(6):927-9
Traumatic scapulothoracic dissociation
Witz M., Korzets Z. *, Lehmann J.
From the Vascular Surgery Unit *Department of Nephrology, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, affiliated to Tel-Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Scapulothoracic dissociation is an infrequent injury with a potentially devastating outcome. The diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings of forequarter disruption. These include massive soft tissue swelling of the shoulder, displacement of the scapula and neurovascular injuries (brachial plexus, subclavian artery and osseous-ligamentous injuries). The mechanism of injury appears to be the delivery of severe rotational force sheering the shoulder girdle from its chest wall attachments around the scapula, shoulder joint and at the clavicle. Early recognition of the entity and aggressive treatment are crucial. Outcome is not dependent on management of the arterial injury, but rather on the severity of the neurological deficit.