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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Grinda J. M., Zegdi R., Couetil J. P., Chauvaud S., Deloche A., Fabiani J. N., Carpentier A.
From the Cardiac Surgery Department Broussais Hospital, Paris University, Paris VI
Background. We review twelve-year experience with coronary reoperations so as to better identify indications, techniques and results.
Methods. Between January 1986 and March 1998, 240 coronary reoperations (228 redux, 12 tridux) were performed. There were 223 male and 17 female patients, with a mean age of 63.6±7.9 years at the time of reoperation. Mean time interval between operations was 10±4.8 years. Symptomatology consisted of: stable recurrent angina (40%), unstable (57%), or congestive heart failure (3%). Pathological feature of the primary grafts was implicated in 95% of cases and atheroma sole progression over native network in 5% of cases. During reoperations 521 (2.2±0.8/patient) bypass [venous (40%), arterial (60%)] were performed as well as 15 associated procedures.
Results. Operative mortality represented 10% (n=24). Causes of death included infarct (7), left ventricular failure (12), rhythm disorders (2), mediastinitis (1) and multi-organ failure (2). Mortality risk factors were operation date (16.6% before 1992 and 7.4% after, p=0.03), age (13.1% after 60 years old, 2.7% before, p=0.01) time interval between intervention (12% after 8 years, 4% before, p=0.05) and anterograde cardioplegia only (11.8% versus 4.5% when a combined anterograde and retrograde access was used, p=0.06). Morbidity was 31% (71/240). Among the survivors 169 patients (78%) did not experience any complication.
Conclusions. Thanks to a better medico-surgical management, the mortality rate of coronary reoperations is steadily decreasing.