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Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2000 Ottobre;41(5):675-82
Transmyocardial laser treatment reduces ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillation during the early phase (1a) after coronary artery occlusion in open chest anesthetized pigs
Tjomsland O. 1,2, Grubd F. 2, Kanellopoulos G. K. 2, Kvernebo K. 1, Ilebekk A. 2
From the 1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery 2 Institute for Experimental Medical Research Ullevaal Hospital University of Oslo, Norway
Introduction. It has previously been shown that transmyocardial revascularization with laser (TMR) prior to coronary artery occlusion decreases the occurrence of ischemia-induced arrhythmias. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of TMR on ventricular fibrillation and other arrhythmias during the early (1a) and late phase (1b) of ischemia in pigs.
Methods. In six pigs TMR was performed in the anterior wall of the left ventricle 60 minutes prior to occlusion of the proximal LAD. Six other pigs were subjected to coronary occlusion without preceding TMR and served as controls.
Results. During the 30 min period with LAD occlusion ventricular fibrillation occurred 22 times in 5 of 6 control animals (20 episodes in phase 1a, 2 in phase 1b), whereas none of the animals subjected to TMR prior to the coronary artery occlusion developed ventricular fibrillation (p<0.01). The total number of premature beats per animal was lower during the early phase (1a) after LAD occlusion in the TMR group than in the control group (18±13 vs 248±82, p<0.05).
Conclusions. TMR prior to occlusion of LAD reduced the occurrence of early phase (la) ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillation and premature beats. This anti-fibrillatory effect might explain the improved survival observed in experimental studies after TMR prior to coronary artery occlusion found by others.