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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Alwan K., Chocron S., Mourand J.-L., Toubin G. 1, Gauchez P. 2, Kantelip B. 2, Kantelip J.-P. 1, Etievent J.-P.
From the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
1 Department of Pharmacology
2 Department of Pathology
Saint-Jacques Hospital, Besançon, France
Background. The threefold aim of this experimental study was to test the correlation of cardiac troponin I released to myocardial infarction size and myocardial fixation of anticardiac troponin I antibody and to determine how long after myocardial infarction the measure of cardiac troponin I concentration can evaluate myocardial infarction size.
Methods. Forty rabbits were assigned either to a control group or to an experimental preconditioned group. Infarction was obtained by tightening a snare around the left anterior descending artery. Serial venous blood samples were drawn for measurement of cardiac troponin I. The rabbits were sacrificed at 72 hours and a histological study was performed to determine the infarct size and the size of the area void of fixation of anticardiac troponin I antibody.
Results. There was a linear correlation between the total amount of CTn I released and both infarct size (r=0.45, p<0.02) and the size of the area void of anti-cardiac troponin I antibody (r=0.47, p<0.02). These two sizes were strongly correlated (r=0.95, p<0.02). The hour 9 CTn I sample was the best correlated with both the infarct size (r=0.47, p<0.02) and the size of area void of anticardiac troponin I antibody (r=0.45, p<0.02).
Conclusions. Our study shows that: 1) cardiac troponin I release is correlated to both myocardial infarction size and the size of area void of fixation of anticardiac troponin I antibody, 2) the area void of anticardiac troponin I antibody fixation includes the whole ischemic area, and 3) evaluation of myocardial infarction size can be obtained by CTn I concentration as early as the ninth hour.