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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES THORACIC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1999 April;40(2):307-10
Combined use of steroid, antibiotics and early bougienage against stricture formation following caustic esophageal burns
Karnak I., Tanyel F. C., Büyükpamukçu N., Hiçsönmez A.
From the Department of Pediatric Surgery Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, Turkey
Background. If an esophageal burn is diagnosed, the aim is to prevent stricture formation. The combined use of steroid, antibiotics and early bougienage (SAEB) is one of the currently used treatment protocols. The effect of SAEB treatment against stricture formation following caustic esophageal burn has been evaluated retrospectively.
Methods. Forty-nine children of 282 admitted with a history of caustic substance ingestion were found to have esophageal burns. Forty-nine children underwent treatment against stricture formation. SAEB was begun within 48 hours of ingestion.
Results. Eight children of 12 who ingested sodium hydroxide and five children of 20 who ingested acids developed strictures in spite of the therapy. Additionally two esophageal perforations were encountered in patients who ingested sodium hydroxide.
Conclusions. This protocol has been found to carry a risk of perforation without preventing stricture formation after strong alkali ingestion. Therefore other treatment modalities for preventing strictures should be evaluated especially in children who have ingested products containing strong alkalis.