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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1998 August;39(4):461-7
Linear repair versus ventricular reconstruction for treatment of left ventricular aneurysm: a 10-year experience
Vicol C., Rupp G., Fischer S.*, Summer Ch.*, Dietrich Bolte H.*, Struck E.
From the Clinic of Cardiac Surgery and the *First Medical Clinic, Central Hospital, Augsburg, Germany
Objective. To describe a 10-year experience with surgical treatment of left ventricular aneurysm and compare the results of linear repair and ventricular reconstruction.
Design. A retrospective data analysis.
Setting. Department of cardiothoracic surgery.
Patients. All patients treated with concurrent coronary artery bypass revascularization and surgical repair of ventricular aneurysm from 1985 to 1995.
Methods. Patients underwent either linear repair after aneurysmectomy (group A; n=51) or reconstruction of the left ventricle using a patch (group B, n=10). Preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative mortality and symptomatic results in the two groups were compared with χ2 and paired “t”-tests.
Results. The early mortality rates were 9.8% overall, 7.8%, in group A, and 20% in group B. During a mean follow-up of 58 months, the late mortality rates were 34.5%, 38.2%, and 12.5%. In comparison to patients in group A, those in group B had higher preoperative rates of seriously impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (p=0.01) and pathologic left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (p=0.03) and a prolonged operative aortic cross-clamp time (p=0.04). Early mortality in group B may have been influenced by the initially impaired hemodynamic function and the cross-clamp time. In the longterm, patients in group B had more symptomatic improvement than those in group A (p=0.02).
Conclusions. Ventricular function in patients with left ventricular aneurysm improved after ventricular reconstruction using a patch. Further experience with this procedure should improve postoperative survival and long-term prognosis.