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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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CASE REPORTS CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1998 June;39(3):355-8
Patent foramen ovale and pulmonary embolism. An underestimated co-morbidity following cardiac surgery
Kollar A., Reames M. K., Coyle J. P.
From the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery and *Anestesiology, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
When pulmonary embolism occurs in the presence of a patent foramen ovale the sudden increase in the right heart pressure can open the defect and could cause right to left atrial shunting. This may further aggravate the already existing hypoxemia, and the direct communication between the venous and the arterial circulation increases the risk of paradoxical embolization. In this paper we present a case of postoperative pulmonary embolization in a patient with patent foramen ovale, and the effects of these co-existing conditions are rewieved. In the cardiac surgical literature such a complication has not yet been described.