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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 1998 Giugno;39(3):259-66
Para-anastomotic aneurysms: incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis
Mii Sh., Mori A., Sakata H., Kawazoe N.*
From the Department of Surgery *Department of Cardiology Nippon Steel Corporation Works Yawata Hospital 1-1-1 Harunomachi, Yahatahigashi-ku Kitakyushu-city 805, Japan
Background. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis of para-anastomotic aneurysms.
Methods. During the period between January, 1980 and August, 1996, 511 patients underwent surgical operations for arterial diseases with grafts and were followed for more than 30 days (average: 3.5 years). The number of anastomoses was 1445 in all. Until October, 1996, 18 para-anastomotic aneurysms had been detected in 13 patients. By Kaplan-Meier’s method, the incidence of para-anastomotic aneurysms at 5, 10, and 15 years was 0.8, 6.2, and 35.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that arteriosclerosis obliterans, hypertension, thromboendarterectomy and an anastomosis in the groin were significant risk factors, while stepwised multivariate analysis revealed only hypertension as significant. The mean interval from the primary operation to the diagnosis was 79 months. Ten aneurysms were operated and seven were produced by dehiscence of the anastomotic line, namely anastomotic aneurysms, and three were juxtaanastomotic aneurysms with intact anastomotic lines. Eight patients underwent resection or exclusion of the aneurysm and reconstruction with a new graft and two patients underwent a replacement of the aneurysmal autovein patch to a Dacron one and aneurysmorrhaphy of the parent aneurysmal artery.
Results. No recurrence has been detected. In eight patients who were followed conservatively, two died of rupture and renal failure following acute arterial occlusion.
Conclusions. Since para-anastomotic aneurysms can lead to fatal complications, an enlarging or symptomatic aneurysm should be treated promptly.