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ITALIAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY
A Journal on Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
REVIEWS CONCURRENT CAROTID REVASCULARIZATION AND CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS
Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2009 December;16(4):233-40
Carotid plaque type should play a role in indications for carotid intervention
Setacci C., De Donato G., Setacci F., Chisci E., Cappelli A., Palasciano G.
Department of Vascular Surgery , University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Patient selection for carotid artery revascularization has been traditionally based on the degree of stenosis and neurological symptoms. Historically, adequate consideration has not been given to the morphology of the carotid plaque, even if we now know that some features of the carotid plaque may significantly influence clinical outcomes and so are central to patient selection. In this review we discuss the current clinical role of carotid plaque characterization as an indicator for carotid intervention. At the same time the rapid diffusion of carotid stenting as a less invasive alternative to carotid endarterectomy has increased the need for a continuous critical evaluation of indications and outcomes. This review also evaluates if characterization of the carotid plaque can be considered a reliable parameter among the indications for carotid stenting.