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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Jul 05

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07742-8

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effects of probiotics supplementation and circuit training on immune responses among sedentary young males

Nur S. IBRAHIM, Foong K. OOI, Chee K. CHEN , Ayu S. MUHAMAD

Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia


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BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that probiotics may have positive benefits on immune responses following endurance exercise. However, little attention has been given to its possible beneficial effects on immune responses following resistance exercise.
METHODS: Forty-one healthy sedentary males were recruited and randomised into four groups: sedentary control with placebo (C), probiotics (P), circuit training with placebo (Ex), and circuit training with probiotics (PEx) groups. Participants in the Ex and PEx groups performed a progressive load of circuit training at 3 times/week for 12 weeks. Each circuit comprised 10 exercises with work to rest ratio of 1:2. Participants consumed either multi-strain probiotics or placebo twice daily for 12 weeks. Body height and weight, blood pressure, resting heart rate, saliva and blood samples were collected at pre- and post-tests.
RESULTS: Saliva flow rate and salivary IgA, α- amylase, lactoferrin and lysozyme responses were not significantly different (p>0.05) between groups and also between pre- and post-test within each group. Similarly, total leukocytes, total lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, T-helper, T-cytotoxic, B lymphocytes, and natural killer cells counts were not significantly affected (p>0.05) by the probiotics and/or circuit training. However, circuit training significantly increased (p<0.05) immune cells count at post-test as compared to pre-test. Yet, a combination of circuit training and probiotics showed no significant (p>0.05) effects on immune cells count.
CONCLUSION: This study did not provide enough support for the positive effects of probiotics on immune responses among sedentary young males following resistance exercise. However, 12 weeks of circuit training enhanced immune cells count.


KEY WORDS: Probiotics - Resistance exercise - Salivary antimicrobial proteins - Lymphocytes - Leukocytes

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Publication History

Manuscript first published online: July 05, 2017
Manuscript accepted: June 29, 2017
Manuscript received: May 01, 2017

Cite this article as

Ibrahim NS, Ooi FK, Chen CK, Muhamad AS. Effects of probiotics supplementation and circuit training on immune responses among sedentary young males. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Jul 05. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07742-8

Corresponding author e-mail

ayu_suzailiana@usm.my