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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Jul 05

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07634-4

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Within-person relationship between self-efficacy and performance across trials. Effect of task objective and task type

Teri J. HEPLER 1 , Jason RITCHIE 2, Christopher R. HILL 3

1 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, USA; 2 Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA; 3 Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA


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BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy has been shown to be a consistent, positive predictor of between-persons performance in sport. However, there have been equivocal results regarding the influence of self-efficacy on a person’s performance over time. This study investigated the influence of self-efficacy on motor skill performance across trials with respect to two different task objectives and task types.
METHODS: Participants (N=84) performed 4 blocks of 10 trials of a dart throwing (closed skill) and a hitting (open skill) task under 2 different task objectives: competitive and goal-striving. For the goal-striving condition, success was defined as reaching a pre-determined performance level. The competitive condition involved competing against an opponent.
RESULTS: Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the influence of past performance and self-efficacy on the within-person performance across multiple trials. Previous performance was negatively related with subsequent performance on all conditions. Self-efficacy was not a significant predictor of performance on any of the conditions.
CONCLUSION: While task objective and task type did not moderate the efficacy-performance relationship in the current study, it is important to consider the role of other moderators in future research.


KEY WORDS: Confidence - Competition - Goal-striving - Open skills - Closed skills

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Publication History

Manuscript first published online: July 05, 2017
Manuscript accepted: June 24, 2017
Manuscript revised: June 06, 2017
Manuscript received: April 01, 2017

Cite this article as

Hepler TJ, Ritchie J, Hill CR. Within-person relationship between self-efficacy and performance across trials: Effect of task objective and task type. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Jul 05. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07634-4

Corresponding author e-mail

thepler@uwlax.edu