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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Feb 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07133-X

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Transnasal-transsphenoidal brain injury by a fencing foil: an unusual case report and brief literature review

Rafet ÖZAY, Mehmet S. BALKAN, Çağhan TÖNGE, Zeki ŞEKERCI

Ministry of Health, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: In this report, the authors present an unusual case of a 10-year-old child who suffered a severe headache and rhinorrhea that occurred as a result of fencing foil sports injury via transnasal-transsphenoidal (TNTS) pathway.
METHODS: Following to trauma, the child had shown neurological symptoms such a pupil dilatation, change in consciousness and mild hemiparesia. Imaging demonstrated destruction of bone structures including posterior wall of sphenoid sinus and anterosuperior part of sella turcica, and also a contusion at right thalamic region. For treatment of rhinorrhea lumbar drainage system (LDS) had planted in order to relieve cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage.
RESULTS: After the treatment the patient had fully recovered without any need of further surgical intervention. CSF leakage had prevented and neurological symptoms were completely treated.
CONCLUSIONS: This case represents the first report of brain injury via TNTS pathway in a sports practice. Diagnosis, clinic follow-up and treatment options of this rare accidental sports injury are discussed.


KEY WORDS: Fencing - Rhinorrhea - Brain injury - Transsphenoidal - Lumbar drainage system

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Cite this article as

Özay R, Balkan MS, Tönge Ç, Şekerci Z. Transnasal-transsphenoidal brain injury by a fencing foil: an unusual case report and brief literature review. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Feb 22. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07133-X 

Corresponding author e-mail

rftozay@hotmail.com