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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Feb 22
Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA
The periodization of resistance training in soccer players: changes in maximal strength, lower extremity power, body composition, and muscle volume
Amir BARJASTE ✉, Bahman MIRZAEI
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 12-weeks traditional periodized resistance training on some physical capacities of soccer players.
METHODS: Eighteen amateur soccer players with very little experience in resistance training voluntarily participated in this study. Subjects were assigned into two groups; Experimental (EX) group (n: 10) that conducted a traditional linear periodized resistance training program and a control (C) group (n: 8) that did not participate in any resistance training. Periodized resistance training in two mesocycles was used in this study: general or anatomical adaptation phase (6 wk, 65%-75% of 1RM, eleven exercises in each session) and maximal strength phase (6 wk, 85%-95% of 1RM, three to four exercises in each session). One Repetition Maximum (1RM) strength in lower and upper body, Vertical Jump (VJ) height, Body Composition, and Muscle Volume were measured at three different time points; baseline, after general phase, and after maximal strength phase.
RESULTS: The average of the increase in 1RM all exercises in general phase was greater than the maximal strength phase, on average 29.38% and 9.67% respectively (P≤0.05). Also, the Percentage of change in VJ height in general phase was greater than the maximal strength phase (11.93% vs 3.97% respectively) (P≤0.05).0
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicated that muscle strength and explosive performance in players with the little experience in resistance training can be significantly improved with the completion of general phase of resistance training periodization using moderate loads.
KEY WORDS: Linear or classic periodization - Amateur football players - Vertical jump height - Off-season phase - Initial strength level