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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Antonio DELLO IACONO 1, Nicola MAFFULLI 2, 3, Lior LAVER 4, Johnny PADULO 5, 6
1 Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel; 2 Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy; 3 Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, England; 4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Medicine Unit, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel; 5 University “eCampus”, Novedrate, Italy; 6 Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split Croatia
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation.
CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training. Clinical evaluation and imaging studies addressed the injury to a case of adductor-related groin pain associated with pubic symphysis degeneration. Treatment consisted of an exercise-based therapeutic protocol based on trunk and core muscle strengthening and stability program, with progressive motor and functional demands.
RESULTS: Significant improvements in the overall clinical findings and functional outcomes were reported after 52 days of intervention when the athletes returned to his full athletic activity.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that an appropriate rehabilitation program, focused on trunk and core musculature stability exercise addressing to sport-related specific demands, should be considered as an optimal conservative method in the multidisciplinary approach for treatment of groin pain and prior to any surgical intervention.