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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Oct 13

language: English

Effect 5-weeks pre-season training with small-sided game in RSA according to physical fitness

Alejandro RODRÍGUEZ-FERNÁNDEZ 1, Javier SÁNCHEZ SÁNCHEZ 2, José A. RODRÍGUEZ-MARROYO 1, David CASAMICHANA 3, José G. VILLA 1

1 Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of León, León, Spain; 2 Unit Assessment and Planning of Sports Training, Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; 3 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of the Basque Country (UPV–EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain


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BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have analyzed during competitive season different conditioning programs to improve soccer players’ repeat sprint ability (RSA). However, few studies have focused on analysing what happens with this ability after small-sided games (SSG)-based training. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the changes in physical performance after 5-weeks of pre-season training composed of SSGs in amateur soccer players.
METHODS: Twenty-four male soccer players performed RSA, a sit-and-reach and two vertical jump (squat and counter movement jump) tests before and after 5-weeks of pre- season training using fundamentally SSGs.
RESULTS: The pre-season training induced a significant improvement (p<0.05) in RSA and flexibility performance. However, no significant improvements were analyzed during the vertical jump tests. Soccer players with worst initial RSA performance, improved significantly (p<0.05) their fastest sprint (~2.5%) and the total time (~3.0%) during the RSA. No changes in soccer players with better initial RSA performance were analyzed.
CONCLUSIONS: A pre-season composed of training sessions performed basically through SSGs during 5-week improves the RSA performance in amateur soccer players, especially in those with the worst initial performance level.

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