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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Sep 08
The effect of pilates exercise on body composition in sedentary overweight and obese women
Raziye ŞAVKIN, Ummuhan BAS ASLAN ✉
School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a popular exercise approach among women. Still there is poor empirical quantitative evidence indicating a positive effect of Pilates exercises on body composition. The aim of our study is to determine the effects ofPilates exercises on body composition in sedentary overweight and obese women.
METHODS: 37 women, aged between 30 to 50 (43.79±4.88) years, included the study. Subjects are randomly divided into Pilates group (n=19) and control group (n=18). Pilates exercises was given for 90 min, 3 times/week, for 8 week with a gradual strength increase of 11-17 in the Rating of Perceived Exercise. Control group did not participate in any physical activity program. Bioelectric Impedance Analysis was used for determine the body composition of participants. Weight, body mass index, body fat mass, lean body mass, waist, abdomen and hip circumference were measured at pre- and post-training period.
RESULTS: In Pilates group; weight, body mass index, fat percentage, waist, abdomen and hip circumference decreased significantly after training (p<0,05) while no significant difference was observed in lean body mass (p>0,05). In control group, abdomen and hip circumference increased significantly (p<0,05) as the other parameters showed the tendency for an increase, but no significance difference (p<0,05).
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that 8 weeks Pilates exercises have positive effects on body composition in sedentary overweight and obese women. Pilates exercises can be applied for improving body composition.