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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Jae O. KOH
Department of Oriental Sports Medicine, Daegu Haany University, Gyeongsan-Si, Gyeongsangbuk-Do, Republic of Korea
BACKGROUNDː To estimate the prevalence of chronic overuse pain (COP) and to identify possible risk factors of COP in sport-poomsae-Taekwondo.
METHODSː This is a cross-sectional survey. A total of 263 sport-poomsae competitors (112 females; 151 males; aged between 12-44 years), who competed at the 2014 sport-poomsae- Taekwondo competition, participated in this study. The prevalence rate of COP and possible risk factors associated with COP were analyzed by using Chi-square tests and independent t-tests.
RESULTSː A total of 173 athletes reported that they experienced COP (65.8%; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 60.5-71.5). Female athletes showed a higher prevalence rate than their male counterparts (75.9% vs. 58.3%). Lower body (61.5%) and knee joints (26.4%) were the two primarily injured body part. A total of 101 athletes reported that they injured in the previous year. Among those, 81.2% were suffered from COP. The technique that caused pain most frequently was side-kick among females and front-kick among males. Prevalence rates of COP were significantly different by sex, education level, training hour, and a history of injury.
CONCLUSIONSː The prevalence of COP is high among sport-poomsae-Taekwondo athletes. Competitors who are female, have a history of injury, and train for extended hours were more likely to experience COP. To identify other potential risk factors of COP in sport- poomsae-Taekwondo, more research is needed to build upon the findings.