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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Mar 30
Effect of exercise intervention on the perceptual-motor skills in adolescents with autism
Forouzan RAFIE 1, Abdollah GHASEMI 2, Azadeh ZAMANI JAM3, Shahin JALALI 2 ✉
1 Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Oral and Dental Diseases Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 2 Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 3 Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
BACKGROUND: Motor skill impairment has been reported in many studies of autistic adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of selected physical exercise on Perceptual-motor skills in adolescents with autism.
METHODS: Twenty adolescents with autism that were under special education in Tehran based on their Childhood Autism Rating Scale scores (CARS) and level of abilities were selected. Measurement tool was Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP). Selected group motor program in this study includes motor activities, games and sports for adolescents that were performed for 10 weeks.
RESULTS: Results showed that selected physical exercise training has significant effects on all of the variables (p<0.001) except the speed of running and agility (p=0.61), bilateral coordination (p=0.12) and response speed (p=0.42).
CONCLUSIONS: It seems that miscellaneous physical exercise programs which include ball games, delightful play and targeted play can improve perceptual- motor skills in adolescents with autism.