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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 Feb 12
Effect of respiratory muscle training on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players
Tarik OZMEN, Gokce Y. GUNES, Ilyas UCAR, Hanife DOGAN, Tuba U. GAFUROGLU ✉
Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
BACKGROUND: Few studies investigated the effects of the respiratory muscle training (RMT) in soccer although exhaustive high intensity exercise is known to lead to muscle fatigue in respiratory muscles. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of RMT on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players.
METHODS: Eighteen male soccer players (mean age: 22.2 ± 1.4 years) participated in this study. Participants were assigned randomly to either an RMT or a control (CON) group. The RMT group performed a 15 min endurance training of respiratory muscles twice a week for 5 weeks. The CON group did not recieve RMT during this period. All participants were evaluated for aerobic endurance using 20-meter Shuttle Run Test (20-MST), pulmomary function, maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (MIP), and maximal expiratory mouth pressure (MEP) using spirometry.
RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in RMT group (14%) as compared to CON group (4%) in MIP measurement (p = .04). No significant differences were observed in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), and MEP after a five week of RMT (p > .05). Similarly, there was no difference in 20-MST in the RMT group compared to CON group (p > .05).
CONCLUSION: We concluded that a five week of RMT increased MIP, but FVC, FEV1, MVV, MEP and aerobic endurance did not improve in soccer players. The RMT in addition to soccer training may improve MIP but not the tolerance to high intensity exercise.