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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
Kibar S. 1, Yardimci F. O. 1, Evcik D. 2, Ay S. 1, Alhan A. 3, Manço M. 4, Ergin E. S. 1
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey;
2 Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara University Haymana Vocational School, Ankara, Turkey;
3 Department of Statistics, Ufuk University Faculty of Art and Sciences, Ankara, Turkey;
4 Vocational School of Health, Ufuk University, Ankara, Turkey
AIM: This randomized controlled study aims to determine the effect of pilates mat exercises on dynamic and static balance, hamstring flexibility, abdominal muscle activity and endurance in healthy adults.
METHODS: Female healthy volunteer university students randomly assigned into two groups Group1 recieved pilates program for an hour two times a week. Group2 continued daily activities as control group. Dynamic and static balance were evaluated by Sport Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) 4000 device. Hamstring flexibility and abdominal endurance were determined by sit and reach test, curl up test respectively. Pressure biofeedback unit (PBU) was used to measure transversus abdominis and lumbar muscle activity. The physical activity of the participants was followed by International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form.
RESULTS: Twenty-three subjects in pilates group and 24 control subjects completed the study. In pilates group statistical significant improvements were observed in curl up, sit and reach test, PBU scores at sixth week (p˂0.001), and KAT static and dynamic balance scores (p˂0.001), waist circumference (p=0.007) in eighth week. In the comparison between two groups, there were significant improvements in pilates group for sit and reach test (p=0.01) and PBU scores (p˂0.001) at sixth week, additionally curl up and static KAT scores progressed in eighth week (p˂0.001). No correlation was found between flexibility, endurance , trunk muscle activity and balance parameters.
CONCLUSION: An eight-week pilates training program has found to have beneficial effect on static balance, flexibility, abdominal muscle endurance, abdominal and lumbar muscle activity. These parameters have no effect on balance.