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A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 Sep 23

Post activation potentiation effects on vertical and horizontal explosive performances of young handball and basketball athletes

Dello Iacono A. 1, Padulo J. 2, 3, Eliakim A. 1, 4, Gottlieb R. 1, Bareli R. 1, Meckel Y. 1

1 Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel;
2 University “eCampus”, Novedrate, Italy;
3 Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimisation”, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia;
4 Child Health and Sport Center, Pediatric Department, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel

AIM: The present study was designed to compare the effects of post activation potentiation (PAP) protocols on explosive activities of trained young athletes.
METHODS: Twenty-six young team sport players (handball, n = 12; basketball, n = 14; age 15.4 ± 0.3 years; height 169.5 ± 6.4 cm; weight 61.4 ± 7.6 kg; Tanner stages 3 and 4) performed seven countermovement jumps (CMJ) and seven 20 m sprints at baseline, ~15 s, 4, 8, 16, 24 and 30 min after three different stimulus conditions: 3 sets of 10 repetitions of double-leg drop jumps (PAPD), 3 sets of 5 repetitions of alternate-one-leg drop jumps (PAPO), or walking control (CON).
RESULTS: A significant reduction in explosive performance was observed at each time-point in both groups. Negative PAP effect occurred on the 20 m sprint in PAPO at 16 (P = 0.008), 24 (P = 0.001) and 30 min (P < 0.001) and in PAPD at 30 min (P = 0.002) compared to CON.
CONCLUSION: This study indicated the negative effect of PAP on subsequent explosive performance in young team sport players. These findings represent a practical suggestion for the prudent use of PAP protocols aimed at enhancing vertical and horizontal explosive performances of young athletes.

language: English


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