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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 July-August;57(7-8):930-5

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06418-5

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Sustainability and repeatability of postactivation potentiation

Tristan McLAREN, Deborah L. KING, Gary A. SFORZO

Department of Exercise and Sports Science, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY, USA


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BACKGROUND: This study investigated the duration and repeatability of postactivation potentiation (PAP) benefits within a single exercise session. Specifically examined were the recurring effects, over multiple sets, of heavy back squats on repeated sprint times.
METHODS: A partially randomized, counterbalanced, repeated measures design was implemented using 29 college-aged male NCAA varsity field sport athletes participating in PAP and control conditions. Subjects performed four repetitions of back squats (PAP=90% 1RM; control =20% 1RM), rested 8 minutes, performed a set of four 40-m sprints (55 s inter-repetition active recovery) and rested for 8 minutes after the last sprint. This was performed two more times, for a total of three sets (of back squats and sprints) performed 20 minutes apart. Sprint performance was measured using electronic timing gates and a timing pad to capture of reaction time (RT) at the start of each sprint. 2x3 (condition x sets) and 2x4 (condition X repetition) repeated measures ANOVAs were used to analyze both sprint and RT outcomes.
RESULTS: Subjects ran significantly faster (P<0.05) after PAP than control. Specifically, sprint times were faster for the first two-three sprints, but not the fourth, across all three sets of sprints over the 51-min exercise session. RT was not affected (P>0.05) by PAP activity.
CONCLUSIONS: The PAP effect was sustainable up to 11 minutes after heavy back squats and was repeated successfully three times. These findings can assist coaches and athletes interested in applying PAP to improve performance.


KEY WORDS: Warm-up exercise - Athletic performance - Performance-enhancing substances

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Publication History

Issue published online: June 12, 2017
Article first published online: May 27, 2016
Manuscript accepted: May 26, 2016
Manuscript revised: May 13, 2016
Manuscript received: January 18, 2016

Cite this article as

McLaren T, King DL, Sforzo GA. Sustainability and repeatability of postactivation potentiation. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:930-5. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06418-5

Corresponding author e-mail

dking@ithaca.edu