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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  BODY COMPOSITION, NUTRITION


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 June;57(6):794-801

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06358-1

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of combined resistance and endurance exercise training on regional fat loss

Alessandro SCOTTO di PALUMBO 1, Enrico GUERRA 2, Carmine ORLANDI 3, Ilenia BAZZUCCHI 1, Massimo SACCHETTI 1

1 Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, “Foro Italico” University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2 ELAV Institute, Città di Castello, Perugia, Italy; 3 Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy


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BACKGROUND: The present study tested the possibility of a localized fat mass (FM) reduction by means of training programmes focusing on specific bodily regions.
METHODS: Sixteen physically inactive women (age: 31±4; BMI: 27.5±2.1), randomly allocated to two groups, completed an 8 week training programme. In one group (UpBdResist) training sessions consisted of upper body resistance exercises followed by 30-minute cycling at 50%VO2max, while the other group (LwBdResist) performed lower body resistance exercises followed by 30 minutes on an arm-ergometer. Regional body composition was assessed by DEXA and skin fold measures.
RESULTS: Regardless of a similar reduction in both groups, UpBdResist training elicited a greater reduction of the upper limbs (UL) FM as compared to the lower limbs (LL) (Δ% UL vs. LL: -12.1±3.4 vs. -4.0±4.7; P=0.02). Conversely, in the LwBdResist group, FM loss was more pronounced in the LL as compared to the UL (Δ% UL vs. LL: -2.3±7.0 vs. -11.5±8.2, P=0.02). Likewise, LwBdResist elicited a larger effect on lean mass (LM) of the LL as compared to UL (Δ% LL vs. UL: +8.4±5.8 vs. -2.7±5.0, P<0.01), yet no differences between upper and lower limb LM changes were detected in UpBdResist group.
CONCLUSIONS: The present data suggest that a training programme entailing localized explosive resistance exercise, prior to an endurance exercise bout, may target specific adipose tissue sites eliciting localised fat mass loss in the upper and lower limbs.


KEY WORDS: Weight loss - Exercise - Physical conditioning, human

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Publication History

Issue published online: May 10, 2017
Manuscript accepted: May 20, 2016
Manuscript revised: May 6, 2016
Manuscript received: December 16, 2015

Cite this article as

Scotto di Palumbo A, Guerra E, Orlandi C, Bazzucchi I, Sacchetti M. Effect of combined resistance and endurance exercise training on regional fat loss. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:794-801. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06358-1

Corresponding author e-mail

massimo.sacchetti@uniroma4.it