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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE PSYCHOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 April;57(4):476-82
Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA
Cardiovascular and perceptual stress of female basketball referees during women’s International matches
Alejandro VAQUERA 1, 2 ✉, Juan MIELGO-AYUSO 3, Julio CALLEJA-GONZÁLEZ 4, Anthony S. LEICHT 5
1 Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Leon, Leon, Spain; 2 European Basketball Research Center, Kaunas, Lithuania; 3 Faculty of Health Sciences, Isabel I University, Burgos, Spain; 4 Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain; 5 College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
BACKGROUND: The current aims were to determine body composition (BC), and heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived effort (RPE) responses by female basketball referees during elite international competition.
METHODS: During the precompetition, BC via skinfolds was assessed in 10 referees (38±3 yr) who officiated 11 matches. Referees’ HR and exercise intensity (based upon maximum HR, HRmax) were recorded during each quarter of each match and RPE assessed postmatch. Differences between quarters were examined via repeated measures ANOVA while correlations between RPE, HR, BC and experience were also considered.
RESULTS: The average match HR was 86.2±5.0 HRmax with this being significantly lower during the 4th quarter compared to the 1st (P=0.018) and 2nd quarters (P=0.001), and significantly lower during the 3rd compared to the 2nd quarter (P=0.005). The average postmatch RPE was 12.5±1.6 with significant inverse correlations identified between post-match RPE and exercise intensity (average HR, %HRmax). Significant correlations were identified between the average match HR and BC (0.608, P=0.016), and experience (-0.653, P=0.008).
CONCLUSIONS: The current investigation has demonstrated that elite female basketball referees experience significant cardiovascular and perceptual stress during international matches that may be influenced by referee experience and BC. These unique characteristics may aid in referee preparation for elite competition.
KEY WORDS: Heart rate - Basketball - Female - Physical exertion