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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES BODY COMPOSITION, NUTRITION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 September;56(9):1013-20
Validation of a new scale to measure perceived exertion in obese adolescents: the Childhood Obesity Perceived Exertion (Cope-10) Scale
Sylvain QUINART 1, 2, Alain GROSLAMBERT 3, Fiona ECARNOT 1, Marie L. SIMON-RIGAUD 4, Marie NICOLET-GUÉNAT 5, Véronique NÈGRE 2, Fabienne MOUGIN 1 ✉
1 Research Unit EA3920, Prognostic Markers and Factors of Regulation in Cardiovascular Disease, Exercise Performance Health Innovation platform, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 2 Department of Pediatric Obesity Prevention and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Besançon, France; 3 Research Unit EA4660, Culture Sport Health Society, Sports Faculty, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 4 Physiology Department, University Hospital of Besançon, France; 5 Childhood Obesity Rehabilitation Centre, SSR La Beline, Salins les Bains, France
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to validate a measurement scale for perceived exertion, named the Childhood Obesity Perceived Exertion Scale (COPE-10), by evaluating concurrent validity, reliability and sensitivity in obese adolescents.
METHODS: Thirty obese adolescents (BMI 36.2±0.8 kg.m-2), aged 14.2±0.3 years, performed two incremental exercise tests (maximal followed by submaximal) before and after a multidisciplinary obesity management program. To standardize workload, physiological variables [heart rate (HR), ventilation (E) and gas exchange (O2)] and perceived exertion (RPE) were modelized (fHR, fVE, fVO2, fRPE). At a rank of 6 on the COPE-10 Scale (RPE6) and at fixed second ventilatory threshold (VT2), we determined respectively the associated power (WPRPE6, WPVT2) and HR (HRRPE6, HRVT2).
RESULTS: During maximal exercise, we observed significant correlations between fRPE and each of fHR (r=0.88 ; r=0.91), fVE (r=0.93 ; r=0.94) and fVO2 (r=0.87 ; r=0.89) before and after management respectively, indicating the concurrent validity of the COPE-10 Scale to estimate exercise intensity in obese adolescents. During submaximal exercise, we observed intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.77 before and 0.86 after management, showing reliability. After management, WPVT2 and WPRPE6 increased significantly (+23W and +21W ; P<0.001), and there was a significant correlation between HRVT2 and HRRPE6 (r=0.90), illustrating the scale’s sensitivity to change.
CONCLUSIONS: The COPE-10 Scale is a valid tool to measure perceived exertion in obese adolescents. This inexpensive and non-invasive instrument could be widely used in rehabilitation programs for obese youths.