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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES PSICHOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 May;56(5):639-47
Stress related changes during TeamGym competition
Roberta DE PERO 1, Giuseppe CIBELLI 2, Cristina CORTIS 1, 3, Paola Sbriccoli 1, Laura CAPRANICA 1, Maria F. PIACENTINI 1 ✉
1 Department of Human Movement and Sport Science, University of Rome “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy; 3 Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Frosinone, Italy
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the stress-related changes of a TeamGym competition considering both physiological (i.e. salivary cortisol [sC] and alpha-amylase [sAA]) and psychological (i.e. state anxiety) responses in relation to exercise intensity and competition outcomes.
METHODS: Eleven (5 males and 6 females) elite TeamGym athletes (age: 21-28 yrs) were administered the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory before an official international TeamGym competition. sAA and sC samples were collected 15 minutes prior to competition, after each apparatus, 10-min and 30-min after competition. Exercise intensity was estimated by heart rate (HR) recording and performance was evaluated by three international judges. All these parameters were correlated with competition outcomes.
RESULTS: TeamGym competition posed a low exercise load (most of exercise was performed below 85% of the individual HRmax). Significant increases (P<0.004) in sAA (3.53 fold induction) and state anxiety (P=0.045) were observed, with respect to baseline values. Conversely, sC remained stable throughout the competition. Significant (P=0.029) correlation between sAA, state anxiety and competition outcomes emerged.
CONCLUSIONS: Present findings provide the first evidence that the psycho-physiological stress response prior to and during competition can affect performance outcome, especially in a technical sport such as TeamGym.