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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES PSYCHOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 March;56(3):336-42
How do mood states change in a multi-stage cycling competition? Comparing high and low performers
Mauro MURGIA 1, Fabio FORZINI 1, Edson FILHO 3, Selenia DI FRONSO 4, Fabrizio SORS 1, Maurizio BERTOLLO 4, Tiziano AGOSTINI 1 ✉
1 Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy; 2 Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, and Philosophy, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy; 3 School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK; 4 BIND-Behavioral Imaging and Neural Dynamics Center, Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to investigate: 1) differences in mood states between high and low performers at the beginning and end of the Girobio 2012 cycling race, and in respect to both actual and perceived performance; 2) whether the participants’ mood states predicted the actual and perceived performance.
METHODS: Profile of Mood States (POMS) of 72 elite cyclists were assessed the day prior to the first (T0) and last stage (T1). At the end of the race, we created two rankings, one based on the total time spent to complete the race (actual ranking) and one based on the average of self-evaluations provided at the end of each stage (perceived ranking). We compared high and low performers, considering both rankings, using a general measure of mood; i.e. the total mood disturbance.
RESULTS: Total mood disturbance differed among high and low performers. In particular, high performers mood disturbance did not differ between T0 and T1, whereas low performing cyclists showed higher levels of mood disturbance at the end of the race. Furthermore, we found that mood disturbance at T0 did not predict either actual or perceived performance.
CONCLUSIONS: The cyclists’ mood states at the beginning of the race were not reliable predictors of performance throughout the race. High-performing cyclists maintained a more positive mood profile than their low-performing counterparts at the beginning and end of a multi-stage race.