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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 December;55(12):1445-51
Pre-task music improves swimming performance
Smirmaul B. P. 1, Dos Santos R. V. 2, Da Silva Neto L. V. 2 ✉
1 Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP, Brazil;
2 Department of Sports Sciences, Campinas State University (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-task music on swimming performance and other psychological variables.
METHODS: A randomized counterbalanced within-subjects (experimental and control condition) design was employed. Eighteen regional level male swimmers performed two 200-m freestyle swimming time trials. Participants were exposed to either 5 minutes of self-selected music (pre-task music condition) or 5 minutes of silence (control condition) and, after 1 minute, performed the swimming task.
RESULTS: Swimming time was significantly shorter (-1.44%) in the pre-task music condition. Listening to pre-task music increased motivation to perform the swimming task, while arousal remained unchanged. While fatigue increased after the swimming task in both conditions, vigor, ratings of perceived exertion and affective valence were unaltered.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded, for the first time, that pre-task music improves swimming performance.