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CURRENT ISSUETHE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928

 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 October;55(10):1157-65

BODY COMPOSITION 

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Relationship between anthropometric or functional characteristics and maximal serve velocity in professional tennis players

Bonato M. 1, Maggioni M. A. 1, Rossi C. 1, 2, Rampichini S. 1, La Torre A. 1, Merati G. 1, 3

1 Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy;
2 R.I.T.A, Italian Tennis Research Association, Milan, Italy;
3 Centre of Sports Medicine, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy

AIM: This study aims at investigating the possible relationships between anthropometric and functional parameters and maximal serve speed in professional tennis players.
METHODS: Eight professional male tennis players (age 23±4 [mean±SD] years; height 181±4 cm; body mass 80±4 kg; playing experience 14±4 years; weekly training practice 29±6 hours) were recruited. Anthropometric parameters (height, body mass, arm-racquet length, arm muscle area), jump performance (squat jump, counter movement jump; counter movement jump free), handgrip strength and first and second maximal serve speed were assessed.
RESULTS: Pearson’s correlation coefficient showed significant (P<0.05) positive relationships between height and ball speed in both the first (r=0.78; P=0.02) and second (r=0.80; P=0.017) serve, and a significant negative correlation between serve speed and arm muscle area in first serve only (r=-0.78; P=0.03). In addition, a trend towards a positive correlation was observed between string tensions and serves speed for both first and second serves (r=0.54; P=0.16 and r=0.60; P=0.11, respectively). No significant relationship was found between serve speed and the other variables considered, including jumping performance parameters.
CONCLUSION: Height was confirmed to be the main anthropometric determinant of serves speed in professional tennis players.

language: English


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