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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 October;55(10):1150-6

language: English

Changes in specific jumping performance after detraining period

Kannas T. M., Amiridis I. G., Arabatzi F., Katis A., Kellis E.

Department of Physical Education and Sports Science of Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Serres, Greece


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AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a detraining period after specific plyometric training on vertical jump performance and mechanical properties of aponeurosis of medial gastrocnemius (MG).
METHODS: Twenty participants were assigned into two groups and performed plyometric training on incline (IP, N.=10) and plane ground (PP, N.=10), respectively. Vertical jumping (squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], slow and fast drop jumps from 20 and 40 cm [DJ20, DJ40, DJf20, DJf40]) and aponeurosis strain of MG have been re-evaluated four weeks after the end of the training period. The electromyographic (EMG) activity of MG and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles and MG architecture were also recorded after a 4 week of detraining period.
RESULTS: After detraining period, jumping height was decreased from 31.20±3.3 cm to 27.5±2 cm and from 31.8±2.9 cm to 29.5±1.9 cm for DJf20 and DJf40, respectively. For the IP group, these changes were accompanied by a significantly lower MG activity during the propulsion phase (from 0.93%±0.09 to 0.77±0.09% and from 0.89±0.09% to 0.60%±0.06 for DJf20 and DJf40, respectively). Similarly, strain was decreased from 22.7% (±0.05) to 16.3% (±0.05) after detraining period.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that after four weeks of detraining, ankle muscle tendon complex properties withdraw to the pre-training values with lower performance, possible reflecting a different working length of the muscle.

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