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Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 October;55(10):1122-8

language: English

Unknown loads affect force production capacity in early phases of bench press throws

Hernández Davó J. L., Sabido Solana R., Sarabia Marínm J. M., Sánchez Martos Á., Moya Ramón M.

Sport Research Center, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Elche, Alicante, Spain


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AIM: Explosive strength training aims to improve force generation in early phases of movement due to its importance in sport performance. The present study examined the influence of lack of knowledge about the load lifted in explosive parameters during bench press throws.
METHODS: Thirteen healthy young men (22.8±2.0 years) participated in the study. Participants performed bench press throws with three different loads (30, 50 and 70% of 1 repetition maximum) in two different conditions (known and unknown loads). In unknown condition, loads were changed within sets in each repetition and participants did not know the load, whereas in known condition the load did not change within sets and participants had knowledge about the load lifted.
RESULTS: Results of repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that unknown conditions involves higher power in the first 30, 50, 100 and 150 ms with the three loads, higher values of ratio of force development in those first instants, and differences in time to reach maximal rate of force development with 50 and 70% of 1 repetition maximum.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that unknown conditions elicit higher values of explosive parameters in early phases of bench press throws, thereby this kind of methodology could be considered in explosive strength training.

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