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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORT CARDIOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 September;55(9):988-94
TEI Index in elite sprinters and endurance athletes
Tüzün N. 1, Ergün M. 2, Ali̇oğlu E. 3, Edem E. 4, Tengi̇z İ. 5, Aytemi̇z F. 6, Ercan E. 7, İşleğen Ç. 2 ✉
1 Department of Cardiology, Özel Ege Sağlık Hospital, İzmir, Turkey;
2 Department of Sports Medicine, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey;
3 Department of Cardiology, Central Hospital, İzmir, Turkey;
4 Department of Cardiology, Gaziemir Nevvar Salih İşgören State Hospital, İzmir, Turkey;
5 Department of Cardiology, İzmir Univesity Faculty of Medicine, Medicalpark Hospital, İzmir, Turkey;
6 Department of Cardiology, İzmir Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey;
7 Department of CardiologY, İzmir Medicalpark Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
AIM: Aerobic training has been reported to have a positive effect on myocardial performance index. The aim of the present study was to examine the myocardial performance index (MPI) in sprinters and endurance athletes.
METHODS: A total of 66 elite male athletes (36 sprinter and 30 endurance athletes) and 33 agematched sedentary controls voluntarily participated in the study. The echocardiographic evaluation was performed and TEI index was measured as a marker of myocardial performance index in all groups.
RESULTS: Demographic features, training ages and weekly exercise volumes were similar in sprinters and endurance athletes. There were no significant differences in terms of diastolic parameters and among the groups. In sprinters, isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) and isovolumetric contraction time (IVCT) were significantly shorter than in controls. In endurance athletes, IVCT was significantly shorter than in controls. Both sprinters and endurance athletes had longer ET compared with controls. TEI Index was significantly lower in sprinters and endurance athletes than in controls.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that both aerobic and anaerobic training seem to have a
positive effect on myocardial performance. This comparable effect might be a result of frequently exercising, especially aerobic exercising in sprinters’ training programs.