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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORT INJURIES
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 September;55(9):953-61
One injection of platelet-rich plasma associated to a submaximal eccentric protocol to treat chronic jumper’s knee
Kaux J. F. 1, Croisier J. L. 2, Bruyere O. 3, Rodriguez De La Cruz C. 2, Forthomme B. 1, Brabant G. 2, Lapraille S. 2, Lonneux V. 2, Noel D. 2, Le Goff C. 4, Gothot A. 4, Collette J. 4, Crielaard J. M. 1 ✉
1 Physical Medicine and Sports Traumatology Department University and University Hospital of Liège, Liège, Belgium;
2 Physiotherapy Service, Department of Motility Sciences, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium;
3 Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium;
4 Department of Clinical Biology, University Hospital of Liège, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
AIM: Jumper’s knee is a frequent chronic overuse syndrome of the proximal part of the patellar tendon. Platelets contain lots of growth factors which could enhance the healing process of tendons. The aim of this study was to clarify the possible efficacy of one injection of Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in cases of rebel jumper’s knees.
METHODS: Twenty patients with chronic proximal patellar tendinopathy were enrolled. Assessments were made before infiltration of PRP, and 6 weeks and 3 months after the infiltration, using a 10-point visual analogic scale of pain, clinical examinations with a pressure algometer, algofunctional scores (IKDC and VISA-P), functional assessments (isokinetic and optojump evaluations) and imagery (ultrasounds and MRI). The PRP was obtained with an apheresis system (COMTEC®, Fresenius-Kabi, Bad Homburg, Germany). Six millilitres of PRP were injected without local anesthetic. One week after infiltration, patients started a standardized sub-maximal eccentric reeducation.
RESULTS: During daily activities pain significantly decreased with time. At functional evaluation, it decreased as well, but without significant functional improvement. No improvements in the imagery measurements were observed. Younger patients seemed to be more susceptible to have an improvement of pain by the PRP infiltration.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that a local infiltration of PRP associated with a submaximal eccentric protocol can improve symptoms of chronic jumper’s knee in patients non-responsive to classical conservative treatments.