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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 April;55(4):345-51
Modulation of TNF-α, TNF-α receptors and IL-6 after treatment with AM3 in professional cyclists
Córdova A. 1, Sureda A. 2, 3, Pons A. 2, 3, Alvarez-Mon M. 4 ✉
1 Department of Biochemistry and Physiology, School of Physical Therapy, University of Valladolid, Campus of Soria E-42004, Soria, Spain;
2 Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain;
3 CIBER: CB12/03/30038, Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain;
4 Department of Medicine, Alcalá University, Carretera Madrid-Barcelona, Alcalá de Henares Madrid, Spain
AIM: Changes in IL-6, TNF-α, and TNF-α receptors - sTNFRI and sTNFRII - were evaluated in a group of professional cyclists treated with immunomodulator AM3 (Inmunoferón®) for 6 months of training and competition.
METHODS: Sixteen male professional cyclists with a similar training program participated in the study which was designed as a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Venous blood samples were collected in basal conditions, before beginning the supplementation program, and after 90 and 180 days of training and competition season.
RESULTS: No significant differences in biochemical parameters or in IL-6 were evidenced between placebo and AM3-treated groups throughout the study. Plasma TNF-α levels significantly decreased (P<0.05) after 90 days of training in the AM3 treated group. TNF-α receptors increased during training season in both placebo and AM3 treated groups, although the increase was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the AM3 group with respect to the placebo group.
CONCLUSION: The changes produced by regular training and competition were modified throughout the season by AM3 treatment which could reduce the inflammatory response to excessive exercise.