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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 March;55(3):158-63
The effect of maximal physical exercise on relationships between the growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and transcriptional activity of CYP1A2 in young ice hockey players
Kochańska-Dziurowicz A. A. 1, Janikowska G. 2, Bijak A. 1, Stanjek-Cichoracka A. 1, Mazurek U. 3 ✉
1 Department of Radioisotope Diagnostics and Radiopharmaceuticals, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland;
2 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland;
3 Department of Molecular Biology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
BACKGROUND: The maximal physical exercise influences on changes in GH, IGF-1 concentrations and activity of CYP1A2. The aim of this study was to answer the question whether the change of endogenous GH and IGF-1 influenced the expression of CYP1A2 and whether these changes correlate with others parameters of blood and test.
METHODS: The twenty ice young hockey players were subjected to maximal exercise cycle test. The test duration was mean 21.0±2.4 min, and work done was mean 3261.3±558.3 J/kg. In blood samples collected before and after the exercise were evaluated: concentrations of GH and IGF-1 which were determined in the serum by IRMA method and the transcriptional activity of CYP1A2 in RNA isolated from whole blood by the QRT-PCR reaction.
RESULTS: Before the exercise the median of GH was mean 0.31±0.23 μU/mL and after the exercise increased to mean 21.6±16.6 μU/mL (P<0.001). Mean of serum IGF-1 level before the exercise and immediately after test did not change. Statistically significant increase in value of Ct for CYP1A2 (P<0.001) was found.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study showed that: an intense exercise of young ice hockey players led to a significant increase in GH concentration, which caused the Ct values of CYP1A2 increase, whereas IGF-1 did not change. GH and IGF-1 levels after the exercise depended on the work done and the relative levels of CYP1A2 expression correlated with the time and the amount of work done by the athletes.