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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 March;55(3):144-9
Effects of equal-volume resistance training performed one or two times a week in upper body muscle size and strength of untrained young men
Gentil P., Fischer B., Martorelli A. S., Lima R. M., Bottaro M. ✉
Faculty of Physical Education, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of equal-volume resistance training (RT) performed once or twice a week on muscle mass and strength of the elbow flexors in untrained young men.
METHODS: Thirty men (23±3 years) without previous resistance training experience were divided into two groups: Group 1 (G1) trained each muscle group only once a week and group 2 (G2) trained each muscle twice a week during 10 weeks. Baseline and 10 weeks post-test elbow flexors muscle thickness (MT) were measured using a B-Mode ultrasound. Peak torque (PT) was assessed by an isokinetic dynamometer before and after the training program.
RESULTS: Elbow flexors MT increased significantly (P<0.05) from 31.70±3.31 to 33.43±3.46 mm in G1, and from 32.78±4.03 to 35.09±3.55 mm in G2. Elbow flexors PT also increased (P<0.05) from 50.77±9.26 to 54.15±10.79 N.m in G1, and from 48.99±11.52 to 55.29±10.24 N.m in G2. The results of ANOVA did not reveal group by time interactions for any variable, indicating no difference between groups for the changes in MT or PT.
CONCLUSION: The results from the present study suggest that untrained men experience similar gains in muscle mass and strength with equal volume RT performed one or two days per week.