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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 January-February;55(1-2):30-6
Effectiveness of PETTLEP imager on performance of passing skill in volleyball
Afrouzeh M. 1, Sohrabi E. 2, Haghkhan A. 3, Rowshani F. 3, Goharrokhi S. 4 ✉
1 Young Researches and Elite Club, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran;
2 Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran;
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Zarrindasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zarrindasht, Iran;
4 Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Neishabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neishabur, Iran
AIM: This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of PETTLEP-based imagery, and traditional imagery interventions, on performance of passing skill in volleyball.
METHODS: 36 beginners male volleyball players (Mage =13.5 years, SD=0.55 years) with 5-6 months practice experience were randomly assigned to one of three groups: physical practice + PETTLEP imagery (PP+PI) (N.=15), physical practice + traditional imagery (N.=15), and physical practice only (PP; N.=15). Subjects in the PP+PI group applied the seven components of PETTLEP imagery training; whereas subjects in the PP+TI engaged in a relaxation session before imagery and used response laden motor imagery scripts. The two groups completed 15 minutes of imagery training followed immediately by 13 minutes of “passing” practice three times per week. The PP group completed only 13 minutes of “passing” practice three times per week. Each group performed its respective tasks for 7 weeks. A pre-test took place during the first practice session in which “passing” was assessed. After the 7-week practice program, a post-test took place followed by a retention test, one “no-practice” week later.
RESULTS: All groups improved significantly (P<0.05) from pre- to post-test and retention test. However, as hypothesised the PP+PI group improved more (P<0.05) than the PP+TI and PP groups.
CONCLUSION: The findings, therefore, support the effectiveness of PETTLEP imagery in enhancing performance of passing skill in volleyball when combined with physical practice.