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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2015 January-February;55(1-2):1-8
Improving neuromuscular performance in young basketball players: plyometric vs. technique training
Attene G. 1, Iuliano E. 2, Di Cagno A. 2, Calcagno G. 2, 3, Moalla W. 4, Aquino G. 2, Padulo J. 5, 6 ✉
1 Faculty Medicine and Surgery, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy;
2 Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy;
3 Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy;
4 Unité de Recherche EM2S, Institut Supérieur de Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Tunis, Tunisia;
5 University e Campus, Novedrate, Italy;
6 Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sports Performance Optimization”, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunis, Tunisia
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of plyometric training versus basketball technique training on improving neuro-muscular performance.
METHODS: Thirty-six (age 14.9±0.9 years, body height 164.0±7.6 cm, body weight 54.0±8.7 kg, BMI 20.1±2.4 kg·m-2) basketball players girls were randomly allocated to 2 groups: Basketball Plyometric Training (BPT, N.=18) and Basketball Technique Training (BTT, N.=18). The players were tested by two specific tests: counter movement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ) before and after 6 training weeks.
RESULTS: The jump height, as dependent variable, showed a different trend as an effect of the different training protocols, in contrast with the current knowledge. Manova did not show significant interactions between the two groups for the height of jumps, while significant differences were found for interaction time × training (P<0.05) and for main effect × time (P<0.001). After training, the BPT group increased significantly CMJ performance by 11.3% (P<0.05), whereas the BTT group increased by 4.6%. Likewise, the BPT group demonstrated a significant greater improvement of jump height than BTT group (an increase of 15.4% vs. 7.5%, P<0.01; respectively).
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that both training protocols proposed in this study improved vertical jump performance. However, a combination of the two protocols, plyometric training and sport-specific-exercises, could be useful to optimize performance by an easy transition from controlled a-specific to sport-specific performance requirements. In conclusion, BPT is a safe and effective method of achieving a favourable neuro-muscular performance than BTT in female basketball players.