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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORTS INJURIES AND REHABILITATION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2014 October;54(5):651-7
Effect of eccentric contractions of elbow flexor on bone formation and resorption markers
Tsuchiya Y. 1, 2, Sakuraba K. 1, 3, Ochi E. 4 ✉
1 Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan;
2 Laboratory of Growth and Development, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan;
3 Laboratory of Sports Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan;
4 Laboratory of Health and Sports Sciences, Meiji Gakuin University, Yokohama, Japan
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of eccentric contractions (ECs) of the biceps brachii muscle on bone metabolism markers.
METHODS: Eight untrained subjects (20.0±0.5 years) performed 5 sets of 6 maximal ECs of the elbow flexors with a 2-min rest interval between each set. Blood samples were collected at 6 time points: before (Pre) ECs, immediately after (Post) ECs, and two hours (2 hours), 1 (day 1), 3 (days 3), and 5 days (days 5) after ECs. We measured the levels of the bone formation marker osteocalcin (OC) and the resorption marker tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b). In addition, we measured the isometric tetanic torque and the levels of myoglobin (Mb), creatine kinase (CK), blood lactate, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1).
RESULTS: The results showed 1) CK and Mb levels increased significantly by days 3 and 5 (P<0.05); 2) OC levels significantly decreased in Post and 2 hours (P<0.01) and TRACP-5b levels significantly increased in Post (P<0.01); 3) OC positively correlated with the total work output in Post, 2 hours, and days 5 (Post: r=0.79, P<0.05; 2 hours: r=0.82, P<0.01; days 5: r=0.79, P<0.05); and 4) TRACP-5b levels positively correlated with IGF-1 levels (r=0.69, P<0.01).
CONCLUSION: We conclude that a single bout of ECs of the biceps has a negative effect on bone metabolism in the acute phase.