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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EXCERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2014 August;54(4):403-9
Strength field tests performance are correlated with isokinetic strength of shoulder rotator muscles in female handball players
dos S. Andrade M. 1, Fachina R. J. 2, 3, Cruz W. 1, Benedito-Silva A. A. 4, Da Silva A. C. 1, De Lira C. A. 5 ✉
1 Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil;
2 Departamento de Ciência do Esporte, Faculdade de Educação Física (FEF), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil;
3 Confederação Brasileira de Basketball (CBB), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
4 Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil;
5 Setor de Fisiologia Humana e do Exercício, Faculdade de Educacão Física, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiãnia (GO), Brazil
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the isokinetic shoulder strength of the athletes and their performance on strength field tests. Data on the balance and functional strength ratios of the internal and external rotator muscles of shoulders of handball players was also investigated.
METHODS: Twenty-seven female athletes (23±3.4 years, 71±10.6 kg and 173.3±7.1 cm) underwent an isokinetic assessment of the strength of the shoulder rotator muscles. Athletes also performed the following strength field tests: bench press test, lying bench barbell row test, handgrip test, and medicine ball throwing.
RESULTS: The bench press test results and the lying bench barbell row test results were significantly correlated with the concentric internal and external rotator peak torques at 1.05 rad.s-1 and 5.23 rad.s-1, with total work at 1.05 rad.s-1 and with average power at 5.23 rad.s-1 (r=0.51 to 0.81).
CONCLUSION: We suggested the use of field test to infer about internal and external rotator muscular strength, but not to infer about isokinetic muscular strength ratios. These findings could be useful to coaches and trainers.