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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORTS INJURIES AND REHABILITATION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2012 October;52(5):506-12
The influence of time-of-day variation and loading on the aponeurosis plantaris pedis: an ultrasonographic study
Skou S. T. 1, 2, Rathleff M. S. 1, Moelgaard C. M. 2, 3, Rasmussen S. 1, Olesen J. L. 4 ✉
1 Orthopedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark;
2 Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark;
3 Department of Occupational and Physiotherapy, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark;
4 Department of Rheumatology, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
AIM: The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of time-of-day on the thickness of the the aponeurosis plantaris pedis, and to examine the acute effects of high-load strength training and long distance running on the thickness of the aponeurosis plantaris pedis.
METHODS: Proximal aponeurosis plantaris pedis thickness was assessed with a 13-MHz linear-array transducer. In sub-study 1, ten participants (ten aponeurosis’) were measured five times during 24 hours. In sub-study 2, ten participants (ten aponeurosis’) were measured just before, immediately after and again three hours after 3x12 unilateral heel-rises. In sub-study 3, 11 healthy experienced runners (11 aponeurosis’) were measured just before, immediately after and two hours after a 15km run. The average thickness of three scans of each foot was used in the analysis. The data was analysed using repeated measures one-way ANOVA.
RESULTS: The mean thickness of the aponeurosis plantaris pedis’ fluctuated significantly during the 24 hours (p=0,02), but it did not change in relation to the high-load strength training (p=0,86) or 15km of running (p = 0,70).
CONCLUSION: High-load strength training and long distance running do not induce changes in the thickness of the aponeurosis plantaris pedis. Time-of-day influences the thickness of the aponeurosis plantaris pedis, but the changes are not larger than measurement uncertainty.