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Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Online ISSN 1827-1928
PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
Mantini S. 1, Bruner E. 2, Colaiacomo B. 1, Ciccarelli A. 1, Redaelli A. 1, Ripani M. 1
1 Department of Health Sciences, Foro Italico University of Rome, Rome, Italy;
2 National Center of Human Evolution Investigation, Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca s/n, Burgos, Spain
AIM: The plantar support and its modifications are widely studied because of their bearing on posture. In particular, past studies have focused on the support modification during specific athletic tasks to highlight the eventual correlations between foot type and the most frequent sport injuries, due to intrinsic and extrinsic components that involve the structural and functional dynamics that act on the plantar vault during static and dynamic condition. These studies have been conducted by analyzing the morphological variation of the footprint during the performance.
METHODS: In the present study the variation in shape of the baropodometrical footprint of young soccer players, has been analyzed using geometric morphometrics. This approach permits a quantification of the morphological variation of the subjects using Cartesian coordinates placed at specific points on the footprint outline, and to correlate them with physical variables.
RESULTS: In the present study the young soccer players displayed a narrowing of the footprint due to a transversal variation on the isthmus, when compared to children of the same age who did not play soccer.
These results suggest a physiological and biomechanical organization of the foot type in soccer due to the specific athletic tasks involved.
CONCLUSION: As the foot type, in sport, is strictly associated to recurrent injuries, the result obtained in this study should be considered as indicative for future analysis. In fact, a clear and univocal knowledge of this phenomenon would be useful in the planning of a training protocol to reduce the incidence of sport related injuries.