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A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4):609-15



Effects of cold-water immersion and contrast-water therapy after training in young soccer players

De Nardi M. 1, La Torre A. 3, Barassi A. 2, 4, Ricci C. 5, Banfi G. 2, 6

1 University of Milan, Milan, Italy;
2 School of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy;
3 Department of Sport, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy;
4 San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy;
5 San Donato Foundation, Milan, Italy;
6 IRCCS Galeazzi, Milan, Italy

AIM:Recent studies have investigated the importance of recovery strategies after training session, including hydrotherapy and cryotherapy. However, only a few studies have focused on cold-water immersion (CWI) treatments in team sport disciplines. The present study investigates the effects of CWI and contrast-water therapy (CWT) on the performance of young male soccer players during a week of training.
METHODS: Eighteen young soccer players participated in the present study (age 15.5±1.0 years, weight 61.8±3.0 Kg, height 175.5±4.0 cm and training experience 8.1±1.0 years). They were involved in a four-day study with recovery using CWI or with CWT after each training session by using performance tests and small-sided games. We measured uric acid concentration, leukocytes, haemoglobin, reticulocytes and creatine kinase changes in the blood, axillary temperature, rating of perceived exertion after a training session, heart rate during exercise, performance tests (counter movement jump, repeated sprint ability and 5’ shuttle run).
RESULTS:No significant difference were reported between groups when different physiological tests were used; CWI and CWT did not negatively influence the performances of the athletes. The principal effect of CWI was a reduced perception of fatigue after the training session. The use of active recovery protocols based on cold water or cold/thermoneutral water did not induce modifications of inflammatory and haematological markers in young soccer players.
CONCLUSION:The beneficial effect of a reduced perception of fatigue can improve training and competitions in young soccer players.

language: English


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