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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 June;51(2):283-91
Dynamic cardiorespiratory changes in obese women
Castres I. 1,4, Lemaitre F. 1,4, Tardif C. 2, Beuret-Blanquart F. 3,4, Tourny-Chollet C. 3,4 ✉
1 CETAPS, EA3832, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Rouen, Rouen, France;
2 GRHV, EA 3820, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France;
3 Center of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Les Herbiers, Bois Guillaume, France;
4 Unit of Technological Research 1087, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Mont Saint Aignan, France
AIM:This study examined the effects of an exercise training program on ventilatory function at rest and the exercise cardiorespiratory pattern in relation to body composition in obese individuals (53.4±7.6 years; 158.6±6.7 cm).
METHODS:After initial tests (exercise testing and anthropometric assessment), ten women participated in a 12-week training program combining strength exercise and aerobic exercise at the ventilatory threshold, three times per week for 90 minutes.
RESULTS:The post-training mean ventilatory efficiency (ΔE/ΔCO2) and cardiac efficiency (ΔHR/ΔO2) were improved (P<0.05, respectively). Decreased fat mass (-1.2 kg, P<0.01), increased lean body mass (+1 kg, P<0.01), and decreased waist and hip circumferences (-5.5 cm and -5 cm, respectively, P<0.05) were also obtained after training.
CONCLUSION:The program significantly improved a number of physiological variables in our obese patients, although not to sedentary healthy levels. The results show that a functional exercise program has the potential to improve physiological variables and dynamic cardiorespiratory response to exercise in obese women.