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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES SPORT INJURIES AND REHABILITATION
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 June;51(2):249-54
Thermal therapy and delayed onset muscle soreness
Hassan E. S. A. ✉
Department of Health and Kinesiology, College of Physical Education and Sports, Riiyadh, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
AIM: In this study the application of cold water (CW) or warm water (WW) for the recovery delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) was investigated in comparison with a control group without the application of water (CO) after eccentric exercise.
METHODS: The main study took place in a randomized, controlled study design on 60 healthy, moderately athletic young men (aged 22 years), classified into 3 groups with 20 men per group. The load was equivalent to the 70% of 1 RM, one-repetition maximum at the Deadlift (Bent Leg). Exercise consisted of 10 sets of 10 eccentric contractions of the Hamstrings muscle group after which they were exposed to either CW (20 °C), or WW (38 °C) or no intervention at all (CO). Blood samples were taken 30min before, after and 1, 2 and 6 hours after performing the exercise.
RESULTS: The exercise showed to a clear increase in the muscle stress parameters without significant difference in results between the groups. The application of WW after exercise resulted in a prominent decrease in muscle cell reaction. In addition, a significant decrease was noticed in the skeletal troponin I (sTnI), creatin kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb) after ww.
CONCLUSION: These results are indicative that the exposure of CW (20 °C/30 min) after exercise would lead to an elevated muscle cells stress reaction. On the other hand exposure to WW (38 °C/30 min) leads to a decrease in the exercise-induced deflection of muscle cell reaction.