Advanced Search

Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 March;51(1) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 March;51(1):50-8

ISSUES AND ARTICLES   MOST READ   eTOC

CURRENT ISSUETHE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111

Frequency: Monthly

ISSN 0022-4707

Online ISSN 1827-1928

 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 March;51(1):50-8

PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Effects of plyometric training on explosive strength, acceleration capacity and kicking speed in young elite soccer players

Sedano S. 1, Matheu A. 2, Redondo J. C. 2, Cuadrado G. 2

1 Faculty of Sports Sciences, European University, Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, Spain;
2 Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Leon, Leon, Spain

AIM: The main aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 10-week plyometric training program on explosive strength, acceleration capacity and kicking speed in young elite soccer players.
METHODS: Twenty-two players participated in the study: control group (CG), (N.=11; 18.2±0.9 years) and treatment group (TG) (N.=11; 18.4±1.1 years). Both groups performed technical and tactical training exercises and matches together. However, the CG players followed the regular physical conditioning program, which was replaced by a plyometric program for TG. Plyometric training took place three days a week and included jumps over hurdles, horizontal jumps and lateral jumps over hurdles. Jumping ability, 10 m sprint and kicking speed were measured on five separate occasions.
RESULTS: Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures reflected that the TG demonstrated significant increases (P<0.05) in jumping ability and acceleration capacity after six weeks of training and in kicking speed with dominant and non-dominant leg after eight and ten weeks respectively. On the other hand there were no significant changes in CG players throughout the study.
CONCLUSION: The main findings revealed that a 10-week plyometric program may be an effective training stimulus to improve explosive strength compared to a more conventional physical training program. The improvements in explosive strength can be transferred to acceleration capacity and kicking speed but players need time to transfer these increases.

language: English


FULL TEXT  REPRINTS

top of page