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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
ORIGINAL ARTICLES OTHER AREAS
(Biochemistry, Immunology, Kinanthropometry, Neurology, Neurophysiology, Ophtalmology, Pharmacology, Phlebology, etc.)
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2010 December;50(4):524-9
Performance improvement is associated with higher postexercise responses in interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor concentrations
Mäestu J. 1, Jürimäe J. 2, Purge P. 1, Rämson R. 1, Jürimäe T. 2 ✉
1 Department of Kinanthropometry, Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Centre of Behavioural and Health Studies
University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia;
2 Department of Coaching Sciences, Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Centre of Behavioural and Health Studies, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the postexercise concentrations in IL-6 and TNF-α during maximal 6 000 meter time trial in conditions with improved performance capacity.
METHODS: Nine highly trained male rowers (age 19.67±1.0; height 190.67±4.24 cm; weight 91.07±6.24 kg) participated. Subjects were asked for body composition measurement and two 6000 meter all-out rowing ergometer trial separated by one year.
RESULTS: The 6000 meter rowing ergometer performance was significantly improved during one year period from from Test 1 to Test 2 (from 330.3±21.9 W to 349.2±20.3 W, P<0.05). No significant changes were observed in the anthropometrical parameters. Postexercise cortisol and IL-6 were significantly increased during both testing sessions, while TNF-α was only increased after Test 2 when compared to pretest values. Postexercise and post 30 values of TNF-α were significantly higher at Test 2 compared to Test 1, while only Post 30 values of IL-6 were significantly higher at Test 2 compared to Test 1. There were no significant relationship between postexercise IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations and the 6000 meter rowing ergometer performance (r=-0.101 - -0.617; P>0.05) and no signigficant relationships between the measured body compositional and blood biochemical parameters. Postexercise changes in IL-6 concentration were significantly related to changes in performance (r=-0.667 and r=-0.865 for POST and POST 30, respectively; P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: In conclusion improvements in performance resulted in higher postexercise concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in highly trained male rowers.