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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE AND SPORTS CARDIOLOGY
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2008 September;48(3):360-5
Effects of different sprint cycling bouts on left ventricular function in top cyclists
Sagiv M., Sagiv M., Meckel Y., Ben-Sira D., Amir R.
Division of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate, Israel
Aim. The study investigated lactic acid and left ventricular function in response to two different sprint cycling schedules varying in their time schedule, in 15 healthy national level cyclists (23±1 years).
Methods. During one testing session subjects performed four strenuous bouts in a schedule of increasing time order: 1, 2, 3 and 4 min. In the other session, they performed a decreasing order: 4, 3, 2 and 1 min. Resting time between bouts in the increasing schedule were 2, 3, and 4 min, respectively. Resting times for the decreasing schedules were 4, 3 and 2 min, respectively. Exercise bouts were performed on an electrical cycle ergometer at 85% of each subject’s maximal speed velocity.
Results. In both sprint cycling schemes, mean end-systolic volume and mean end-diastolic volume decreased significantly (P<0.05) with bout’s time. However, there was a significant interaction effect regarding schedule order and lactate accumulation. In the incremented scheme, lactate accumulated gradually during the session, while a high level of lactate was maintained throughout the decremented scheme (from 3.8±0.7 to 11.8±1.8 and from 9.5±1.5 to 10.8±1.9 mmol·L-1, respectively). Furthermore, analysis of cardiac function during the two schemes demonstrates different physiological responses. The decreasing scheme was characterized by a higher mean heart rate, a lower mean stroke volume and a lower mean end-diastolic volume (P<0.05) indicating that during the two schemes, the functional mechanisms underlying cardiac response, are different.
Conclusion. Our data suggest that in the face of high levels of lactic acid, during the decreasing scheme, venous return may be impeded, most likely due to reduced left ventricular filling time and inadequate vasodilatation of the arteries during the early phase of cycling bout. In addition, it suggests that the decreasing scheme may yield a better anaerobic and cardiovascular training method.