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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2008 June;48(2):183-9
Cardiac and metabolic demands of in place shallow water running in trained and untrained men
CONTI A. 1, ROSPONI A. 1, 2, DAPRETTO L. 1, MAGINI V. 1, FELICI F. 1
1 Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences University Institute of Motor Science, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Human Physiology and Pharmacology La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
Aim. The aim of this study was to assess maximal cardiac and metabolic demand imposed by in place shallow water running (SWR) and to compare such responses with those obtained during treadmil running (TMR).
Methods. Twelve males, 6 trained (T) pentathletes (age: 19±1 years) and 6 untrained (UT) controls (age: 22±1 years), performed one maximal TMR test and one SWR maximal test. Heart rate (HR) and oxygen consumption (V.O2) were continuously measured in both test conditions.
Results. In both groups, resting HR decreased immediately after water immersion (UT group: from 81.8±6.2 b·min-1 to 69.2±6 b·min-1; T group: from 71.7±2.1 b·min-1 to 61.7±7.7 b·min-1). In UT subjects SWR metabolic demand was comparable to that obtained during treadmill (V.O2tmr=47.9 ml·min-1±3.6; V.O2tmr=45.2 ml·min-1 ± 6.8). In contrast, during shallow SWR, T subjects obtained lower V.O2max values with respect to TMR (V.O2tmr=68.9 mL·min-1 ±5.1; V.O2TMR=57.2 mL·min-1±3.9; P<0.05). In the T group maximal HR was lower during SWR (from 191±8.1 to 177±7.1). At a given stride frequency, SWR was less demanding than treadmill in terms of V.O2 and HR responses. During SWR the metabolic adjustments were depressed more than the cardiac adjustments.
Conclusion. These findings suggest that in place SWR may be a useful exercise to reduce the effects of detraining.