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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology
Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,111
Original articles EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2008 March;48(1):31-6
A comparative study between serve mode and speed and its effectiveness in a high-level volleyball tournament
Moras G. 1, Buscà B. 2, Peña J. 3, Rodríguez S. 1, Vallejo L. 1, Tous-Fajardo J. 1, Mujika I. 4
1 National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia Barcelona, Spain
2 Ramon Llull University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
3 University of Vic, Vic, Spain
4 Athletic Club Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain
Aim. This study carries out a comparative analysis between serve mode and speed and its effectiveness at the 2004 Men’s Olympic Qualification Tournament.
Methods. A total of 377 serves were analysed, 124 of which belonged to Cuba vs Holland, 63 to Spain vs Cameroon, 100 to Spain vs Cuba, and 91 to Holland vs Cameroon. Serve were recorded using a tripod mounted radar gun.
Results. The analysis has shown the predominance of jump serve (JUMP, 84.9%) compared with float serve with jump (FLOAT JUMP, 5.6%) and float serve (FLOAT, 9.5%). Only 25.3% of the total jump serves analysed was successfully stricken back making the first tempo attack possible. The respective percentages for FLOAT JUMP and FLOAT were 42.9% and 55.6%. Ball speed in JUMP (23.03±3.94 m·s-1) was markedly higher compared with FLOAT JUMP and FLOAT (12.05±3.44 m·s-1 and 11.47±4.22 m·s-1). While negative outcomes (66.7%) in FLOAT stand out, a better balance between negative and positive outcomes were found in both JUMP (50%) and FLOAT JUMP (42.9%). However, no relationship was found between serve speed and its effectiveness outcome (R2=0 in the overall sample and R2=0.005, when pooling the five serve effectiveness categories into negative and positive outcomes. In fact, JUMP was mainly performed in the span of velocities between 23.06 and 28.06 m·s-1 in both error and direct point categories.
Conclusion. We found no significant relationship between serve velocity and a better outcome related to effectiveness. In addition, JUMP and FLOAT JUMP present a better balance between negative and positive outcomes compared with FLOAT